Safer Medicines - putting patient safety first

Putting patient safety first

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Safer Medicines Trust welcomes new Director

We are delighted to announce the appointment of Dr Jan Turner as our new Director. She brings with her a wealth of experience in developing and promoting human-relevant in vitro technologies, including directing validation studies and influencing organisations such as the FDA to introduce such technologies into the early safety testing of drugs.

Dr Jan Turner

After completing her BSc in Biochemistry & Pharmacology, followed by a PhD and postdoctoral research in Genetic Toxicology, Dr Turner worked for Amersham Biosciences, subsequently GE Healthcare Life Sciences. Her roles included Development Scientist, Project Leader, Global Product Manager and Product Management Operations Leader. For the past 18 months she has been Senior Product Manager at BBI Solutions, directing global cross-functional teams and driving adoption of innovative technologies.

Jan is passionate about human-focused biomedical research and we look forward to her leadership in making medicines safer by accelerating the transition from animal-based to human-relevant drug development and testing. She says:

“I am thrilled to join Safer Medicines Trust and to work with so many talented and inspirational people towards our shared vision of a future where safe and effective treatments for patients will be delivered by scientifically valid, human-focused research.”

Kathy Archibald, our founder and Director for the past 14 years, remains the Chair of Trustees and will continue to manage Supporter Communications as the charity moves from strength to strength. She says:

“We are excited to welcome Jan to lead our team at this important time. I believe our expert team and the many visionary scientists and others with whom we collaborate will help to realise a future where better science will improve our health and save lives.”



Better science for safer medicines: the human imperative

Commentary by Kathy Archibald, Katya Tsaioun, Gerry Kenna and Pandora Pound published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

Our commentary warns that the UK must not fall behind in the race to ‘humanise’ drug discovery. Current research models and regulation are blocking the development of human-relevant approaches to drug discovery and perpetuating animal-based approaches. The UK has world-leading research in this area but significant investment in non-animal technologies is taking place in the US and Europe. The UK should seize the initiative to revolutionise medicine through more intelligent, human-relevant research.

Read the full paper here


Is it possible to overcome issues of external validity in preclinical animal research? Why most animal models are bound to fail

New article by Dr Pandora Pound and Professor Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga published in Journal of Translational Medicine

The authors make a compelling argument that preclinical animal models can never be fully valid due to the uncertainties introduced by species differences. They suggest that to improve clinical translation and ultimately benefit patients, research should focus instead on human-relevant research methods and technologies.

Read the full paper here

 


Human cell-based assays vital to assess risk of drug-induced liver injury

New review article coauthored by Dr Gerry Kenna published in the journal Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics:

Can BSEP Inhibition Testing In Drug Discovery And Development Reduce Liver Injury Risk? An International Transporter Consortium Perspective

Medicines can cause serious unwanted side effects in some patients. These include drug-induced liver injury (DILI), which is poorly predicted by the currently used safety test methods. Assays that focus on human-relevant mechanisms can provide more useful data. One important mechanism is inhibition of a liver cell membrane transport protein called the Bile Salt Export Pump (BSEP). This article reviews the evidence linking BSEP inhibition with DILI and describes methods to evaluate and interpret BSEP inhibition. It also recommends how these data can be used to aid the design and selection of safer medicines. The authors from Safer Medicines Trust, major pharmaceutical companies, universities and biotechnology companies were brought together by the International Transporter Consortium.


Predicting drug-induced liver injury risk


New paper published in the journal Drug Metabolism and Disposition: Do In Vitro Assays Predict Drug Candidate Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Liver Injury Risk?

Our Pharmaceutical Director, Dr Gerry Kenna co-authored the paper with Dr Jack Uetrecht, Professor of Pharmacy and Medicine at the University of Toronto and the Canada Research Chair in Adverse Drug Reactions

Many new medicines cause undesired side effects in humans that are not predicted by the drug safety studies performed currently. This review focuses on liver injury, which is an especially important human adverse drug effect. It highlights both the promising progress made in developing human-relevant in vitro methods that can anticipate and reduce drug induced liver injury risk, and outstanding challenges which remain to be addressed.


Dr Pandora Pound guest blogs for Animals in Science Policy Institute

Our Research Consultant, Dr Pandora Pound, gives a fascinating insight into the introduction of the use of systematic reviews in preclinical animal research, in which she played an instrumental role.

Systematic reviews have become accepted as powerful tools that should be deployed routinely to improve the quality of the evidence base in clinical research. Although their use is not yet routine in preclinical research, they have been instrumental in provoking debate about the reliability, validity, and value of preclinical animal research.

Read the article: The problem of evidence in pre-clinical animal research: how systematic reviews can help



Our new Medical Director

We are delighted to announce that Dr Andrea Wraith BDS, MA, MB BChir, MMedSci has joined us as our new Medical Director. Andrea qualified as a dentist from Kings College London in 1990 and as a doctor from Cambridge in 2002. She has worked as a hospital anaesthetist and in A&E. Her professional life has centred on promoting the provision of safe and effective sedation in medicine and dentistry through both education and regulation. She provides sedation services for dentists in the primary care setting and runs courses teaching the dental team how to manage medical emergencies. From 2016 to 2017, she was President of the Section of Anaesthesia of the Royal Society of Medicine. Dr Wraith has acted as an expert advisor to local health authorities and lectured on sedation related issues to dentists, doctors and nurses both nationally and internationally. Patient safety has always been at her core.


Our new Research Consultant

We are delighted that Dr Pandora Pound, PhD has joined us as our new Research Consultant. Pandora has been conducting research since 1990 and has worked within universities and medical schools throughout London and the South West, mainly in the field of public health. She was an early proponent of the need for systematic reviews of animal research and has published widely on the need for an evidence-based approach in this field. Two of her seminal publications include “Where is the evidence that animal research benefits humans?” and “Is animal research sufficiently evidence based to be a cornerstone of biomedical research?”. In 2017 she left academia to focus on this issue and to work towards more human-relevant approaches to the development and testing of medicines. 


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